Urban Patterns: Clustering for Competitiveness

Blake Robinson and Sara Grobbelaar

Taking a broader perspective, this guide looks at city regions and how they can be more optimally planned to achieve economic objectives in a manner that does not waste local resources. It looks at how competitive advantage can be achieved at a regional scale by encouraging cooperation between cities with complementary areas of specialization. It also considers how innovation for green economic development can be encouraged through the clustering of industries, and through collaborations between government, the private sector and academia.